the fuel economy solution


Introduction of
Radiant Containment


The theory of what makes EF Fuel Additive actually work, which is called "radiant containment." We have found it very difficult to explain this theory in layman terms, but here goes. Basically, when fuel is combusted it generates heat and light (radiation). When a fuel like propane or LPG is completely combusted it is transformed into carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). That part of the fuel that is not totally combusted is converted into carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). These are harmful pollutants. CO is a colorless and odorless gas that can cause fatality in human beings. VOCs (largely hydrocarbons) lift into the air and are associated with a host of ill health effects including cancer and emphysema. Also, VOCs mix with the nitrogen oxide to create smog. NOx is generated by the incomplete combustion as a result of heat and the existence of free oxygen radicals. While nitrogen is not necessary for combustion to take place, 78% of the atmosphere is made of this element. The atmosphere also contains 21% oxygen, which is used as the oxidizer in the combustion process. 

If you look at all the test performed on our additives related to flue gases or exhaust gases you would see a steady pattern of overall reductions in CO, VOCs and NOx. This means that relatively more of the fuel is being consumed, less is converted into air pollution, and that the combustion chamber is running cooler, as shown by the reduction in NOx. Why?

Few people on this earth really understand combustion. So many things happen in such a short period of time that some are still not fully understood. One thing is for sure - if more of the fuel is consumed and converted into heat, less escapes as radiant heat (radiant heat is energy transmitted by radiation. These rays proceed directly away from the heat source like light rays from the sun). This is the theory of radiant containment. When the hydrogen-carbon based fuel is mixed with oxygen and ignited a flame is formed. The EF Fuel Additive technology causes a water barrier to form on the outside of the flame wall because of the effect EF has on the host fuel. This prevents heat from escaping, or going to waste, and causes the internal flame temperature to go up - thermal value is increased. The center of the flame is hotter and the outside is cooler. Less "heat," the driving force of the fuel is lost as radiant energy.

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